A symbol of India’s heritage and an Architecture wonder of Eastern India, Konark Sun Temple, which is commonly known as Konark is situated in the eastern State of Odisha. Earlier Odisha was known as Orissa. India, the land of spiritual, is strongly believed to be spread through by the Lords, their deep imprints and a sense of divine presence, eternally available in the environment around. India is one of the eminent tourist attractions.
Konark Sun Temple is an immense place which is dedicated to the Sun God. ‘Konark’ word is a combination of two words i.e., ‘Kona’ which means ‘Corner’ and ‘Arka’ means ‘Sun’, so when we combine these two words it becomes ‘Sun of the Corner’. Konark Sun Temple is located on the North Eastern corner of Puri and is devoted to Sun God. It is also known as Arka khetra. There are three images of the Sun God at three diverse sides of the temple, placed in accurate direction to catch the emission of the sun at morning, noon and evening.
Konark Sun temple was built in the middle of 13th Century. It is an immense formation of artistic magnificence and engineering agility. The temple was built by King Narasimhadeva I, the ruler of the Ganga Empire with the support of around 1200 artisans. The temple was ready within a period of 12 years (1243-1255 A.D.). Since the ruler was a devotee of the Sun, the temple was deemed as a chariot for the Sun God. Konark Temple was designed in the form of a beautifully decorated chariot escalated on 24 wheels, each approx. 10 feet in diameter, and drawn by 7 powerful horses. It is actually difficult to understand, how huge temple is this, every inch-space of this temple which was so marvelously carved, could have been finished within such a short period of time. The Konark temple even in its present broken state, still a surprise to the whole world. Great poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote beautiful line of Konark: “here the language of stone surpasses the language of man.” Since the Vedic period, Surya has been admired as a deity in India.
Sun temple of Konark is a masterpiece of Odisha’s beautiful architecture. There are various images of animals, foliage, warriors on horses and other interesting structures. On the roof and walls of the temple, gorgeous erotic figures are carved.
The Konark temple is extensively known not only for its architectural greatness but also for the superiority and great quantity of mesmerizing sculptural work. Konark is an exceptional mixture of amazing temple architecture, exotic beach, heritage and outstanding natural beauty. The great structure of Konark Temple seen today is essentially the entrance of the main temple. The entrance is shielded by two huge lions, each one is killing a war elephant. The main attraction of this temple is it geometrical patterns, carved wheels which contain the spokes of the wheel which serve as sun dials. There is Nata Mandir which consists of Dancing Hall and the Nava Graha (Nine Planets) Temple. The Sun temple of Konark is the third link of Odisha’s Golden Triangle. The first link is Jagannath Puri and the second link is the capital city of Odisha Bhubaneshwar. This sacred temple witnesses many pilgrims throughout the year.